These are the global trends that we are monitoring as part of our work to analyse the dynamics that are producing the major social changes in humanity.
Increasing migration and resettlement
Human populations are being relocated on a larger scale than in recent years. Massive migrations are and will be taking place to different parts of the planet, from overpopulated places and areas with few opportunities for a dignified and prosperous life, to more prosperous areas of the planet where the ageing of the population is leading to depopulation and a lack of people to fill the resulting gaps in the social and economic structure.
Rapid decline in fertility and in the number of people on the planet
The global trend over the next few decades tends to a very rapid decline in the global birth rate, with the ratio of young to old people shifting towards the latter. Overall, there is a global current of significantly fewer births than deaths, and the global population of the planet is likely to begin to decline significantly in the next few decades.
Demographic change in cities and urban challenges for population redistribution and settlement
The urbanisation and reorganisation of cities is a key issue in addressing the previous two points. There is a ongoing continuous influx of people from other disadvantaged and less developed areas into cities, not only because of the migration of people from the countryside or rural areas into the existing large cities, but also because of the rapid growth of small urban centres, which are currently less densely populated, but need to grow in order to adequately distribute the influx of migrants.
Development of advanced technologies to compensate for the shortage of people in key functions to sustain society
As fewer people are available in many countries to carry out specific tasks and jobs, and as some of these cannot or will not be filled by the migrations that are taking place because they do not have the appropriate skills, it is expected that humanity will develop artificial intelligence and robotics much more rapidly to ensure that the needs of our companies, businesses, cities and homes that allow them to function properly are kept operational.
Reducing the massive and unbridled use of the planet’s finite resources and the drastic need for a fairer redistribution of existing resources
Because the planet’s resources are finite, in some areas we see that we are rapidly depleting the elements needed to provide adequate sustenance for the entire global population. This is in direct conflict with current models that support population growth in areas where the number of inhabitants is increasing, and also jeopardises the ability of those already living in overpopulated and under-resourced areas to achieve a decent livelihood. It is therefore a global trend the cry to rapidly reduce the use of planetary resources and to distribute existing resources extremely thinly, which requires a complete restructuring of the economic growth mechanisms that currently govern the development of our societies.
These five points, taken together, form part of the main dynamic driving our society today and where we see the focus of humanity’s growth in the coming decades.